Three Theories Of Social Movement

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Question: Explain three theories on social movements with suitable example. A social movement is a large group of people who are organized to promote or resist some social change. A social movement is typically based upon two factors - first, whom the movement is trying to change, and second, how much change a movement is advocating. Social movements can occur at the individual level or at the societal level, and they can advocate for either minor or radical changes. Social movements are thus clearly different from historical movements, tendencies or trends. It is important to note, however, that such tendencies and trends, and the influence of the unconscious or irrational factors in human behavior, may be of crucial importance in illuminating…show more content…
Relative deprivation theory refers to the idea that feelings of deprivation and discontent are related to a desired point of reference (i.e., reference groups). Feelings of relative deprivation arise when desires become legitimate expectations and those desires are blocked by society. Social satisfaction is the opposite of relative deprivation. Relative deprivation is generally considered to be the central variable in the explanation of social movements and is used to explain the quest for social change that inspires social movements; social movements emerge from collective feelings of relative deprivation. This theory was explained by Karl Marx. He stated that excessive capitalistic exploitation leads to impoverishment of the working classes, which compels them to overthrow their oppressors. However, Karl Marx recognized that abject misery and exploitation do not necessarily result in revolutionary fervor. Karl Marx also explained another type of deprivation called relative deprivation, which is a situation where people believe that they are being deprived of what is rightfully belongs to
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