Thucydides 's Argument Of The Peloponnesian War

1239 WordsNov 15, 20165 Pages
Thucydides gives his reasoning of the cause of the Peloponnesian War. “The real though unavowed cause I believe to have been the growth of the Athenian power, which terrified the Lacedaemonians and forced them into war; but the reasons publicly alleged on either side were as follows.” (Zagorin 40). Thucydides will then go into the grievances, which will lead to the war. He looks at four main episodes, but will give more attention and thought to the first two grievances dealing with Corcyra and Potidaea. The next two deal with the concerns from Aegina and Megara. The four immediate causes are less important than the major underlying cause. Thucydides gives great detail of the two grievances with Athens and their conflict with Corinth in Corcyra and Potidaea. He will first narrate the dispute with Corcyra. He also give more space to issue at Corcyra than the other three. The city of Corcyra will begin to have confrontation with Corinth and this will eventually lead to open conflict between the two. Corcyra will defeat Corinth in this open conflict. Corinth is upset with the defeat and will begin to attempt to mobilize more forces. The actions by Corinth will lead to Corcyra to come to Athens for assistance. They will plead the idea that war is on the horizon between Athens and Sparta and this should lead Athens to let Corcyra be allies with them. Corcyra will also use their naval power as added appeal to Athens and if there was a war it would be good for Athens to have
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