Essay on Thycydides and The Peloponnesian War

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The perspective that Thucydides took to write History of the Peloponnesian War gave his work, on a first read, the impression that his opinion was removed to provide an objective analysis of the destruction of the greatness of Athens over the period of the war. He began with a “medical history” of how humanity structured the first societies based on the interplay between fear, interest, and honor. Then, progressed to how war devolved the great Athenian society. Which took Thucydides from revisiting eloquent speeches over strategy to simpler retellings of brash disputes. Thoughtful placement displayed Thucydides’ opinion of Athens’ actions, how he viewed the other city-states’ positions on various issues in the book, and emphasized…show more content…
Pericles’ words, “the man who can most truly be accounted brave is he who best knows the meaning of what is sweet in life and of what is terrible, and then goes out undeterred to meet what is to come.”(Thucydides Pg. 147) addressed fear through the common countermeasure of bravery. What he wants to get across is the fact fear should not be ignored but calculated and met in an intellectual manner. In Pericles’ mind this effective method showed the acknowledgement of the resolution to move past this and on to the other society structures levels of interest and honor. Pericles’ rational reasoning of the society structure addressed fear through countermeasures then progressed to interest and emphasized honor. In the case of the funeral oration the fear of bodily injury is addressed and overcome due to the rationalization that it promotes the interest of the general people and bestows honor on the individual through successfully fulfilling relationships of fear, interest, and honor, in service to Athens.
The service to Athens was expected not only on the battlefield but in the political realm as well. The firm stance taken by Pericles about the political interests of the citizens’ of Athens was, “we do not say that a man who takes no interest in politics is a man who minds his own business; we say that he

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