Tibetan Government in Exile Essay

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Tibetan Government in Exile

The Tibetan government-in-exile functions both adequately and admirably in the role of supporting Tibetans both in exile and in Tibet. While Chinese explanations for considering Tibet a part of China are most often reasonable, they tend not to reflect the nature of the relationship between the two countries accurately. In fact, the same can be said of the Tibetan government-in-exile regarding reasons Tibet is not a part of China. The government-in-exile has acted reasonably well in its attempts to regain Tibet, proceeding in negotiations with China and advocating its cause throughout the world while maintaining a non-violent approach. However, if the government-in-exile wishes to accurately portray the
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In Tibetan Nation, Warren Smith says “whatever their original connections –and these will probably remain unknown- the Chinese and Tibetans have differentiated to an extent that they formed two distinctly different ethnic groups from a relatively early time.”[2]

Complete detailed history of Tibet really begins in the seventh century with the rise of the king Songsten Gampo. Before him, Tibetan was a spoken but not written language, Tibet was not a unified state with a code of law, and the Bon religion was predominant over Buddhism[3]. The time around his reign is also when Tibet and China started an antagonistic and often warlike relationship with each other. This relationship lasted until the Mongols subdued Tibet under Ghengis Khan and then conquered China under Kublai Khan in the thirteenth century and was resumed in earnest after the fall of the Mongol empire.[4]

The Chinese argue that Tibet became a part of China under Mongol rule. However, the Mongols included Tibet as well as China in its rule of conquered territories but did not seem to consider it a Chinese province. The Mongols respected religious practices in their territories in general and were particularly taken with religion in Tibet. In fact, Smith says, “Tibet was allowed…a great degree of autonomy due to the influence of Tibetan lamas…at the Mongol court.”[5] I see no reason to indicate that the Mongolian rule administered over both

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