Tikal and the Mayan Civilization

575 Words Jan 26th, 2018 2 Pages
Tikal is one of the largest cities during the Mayan civilization. This temple is also known as the Temple of the Great Jaguar. It was called this because it shows a king sitting upon a jaguar throne. This specific temple was limestone pyramid structure. It was created around 732 AD. This building was created on the east side of the Great Plaza in Tikal.

The structure was a funerary temple for a ruler during the classical period. The tomb of the ruler has been located in side of the structure. This type of temple raised nine stepped levels. This is supposed to symbolize the nine levels of the underworld. The pyramid was a shrine of the ruler and a cared wooden lintel.

The lintels were carved from a sapodilla wood and painted red. The front had stone blocks carved to represent the figure of the king. This was a royal tomb for Jasaw Chan K’awiil I. The tomb was discovered in a large chamber within the pyramid and below the level of the Great Plaza. Tikal was once a city with around 90,000 people. This civilization was created during the “Classical” period of the Mayan civilization.

Photo 2: Waist pendant of a Queen Mother, from Benin, Nigeria

The Queen mother was also known as Queen Idia. She was the mother of Esigie, who ruled from 1504 to 1550. Idia played an important role in the rise and reign of her son. Idia was a strong warrior. As the mother of the king she had no other children. This…
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