Time and Chronology in Archeology

1077 Words Jan 28th, 2018 4 Pages
By Liam Cornish
In this essay will discuss what chronologies are and why they are extremely important to archaeology. It will also discuss the different types of chronologies as well as the varying methods of establishing them. Time can be determined in different ways, absolutely and relatively. There are strengths and weaknesses to both of these ways of recording and measuring time and both tell archaeologists different information about parts of the archaeological record. Both are also highly important to the field archaeology.
A chronology is an ordering of events and items from the past which is based on time. In his journal article on the seriation method Robert C. Dunnell defines chronology as: "The stipulation of the temporal dimension of a body of data" (Dunnell 1970:305). This shows how chronologies are intrinsically linked to time in archaeology. They are what allows archaeologists to study time and its relation with various parts of the archaeological record. It also allows times effects on the past of humanity to be observed and measured.
Chronologies are vitally important to the study of the archaeological record. Indeed Erin C. Dempsey, in her journal article which deals with the construction of valid chronologies, said that "Like time, chronology is of…
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