Tinnitus Case Study

Decent Essays
When a person has conditions such as, age related hearing loss, an ear infections or even a brain tumors, tinnitus is one of the symptom they might experience. According to the Mayo Clinic (2013) tinnitus is the sensation of a phantom noise when no external noise is present. Though tinnitus can be a condition on its own, more often than not, it is a symptom of a more serious underlying condition. The phantom noises’ of tinnitus can be herd as, ringing buzzing roaring, clicking, or hissing depending on the origin and type. There are two forms of tinnitus, first being subjective and second being objective. When a person experiences subjective tinnitus he/she is the only person able to hear the sound, on the other hand objective tinnitus
…show more content…
Subjective tinnitus requires the use of audio testing to diagnose the condition since, the only person who is sure that a sound is present is the patient. The most common test used to determine the severity level of a person’s tinnitus is an audiogram (Mayo 2013).
Some problems that can occur in the ear that cause subjective tinnitus are; excessive buildup of earwax, temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ), or damage to any portion of the ear structure (Mayo 2013). A few more serius conditios that can cause tinnitus are; Acoustic neuroma, a noncancerous tumor on the auditory nerve near the inner ear ( Blahd & O’Conner, 2014), Labyrinthitis, an inflammation of the inner ear ( Poiner & Lindholm, 2014), and Ménière's disease, a disorder of the inner ear that affects hearing and balance ( Poiner & Lindholm, 2014). Objective tinnitus can be easily explained since it is audible to others, and often caused by a physical event in or around the ear. But it is unclear exactly how and why subjective tinnitus begins and continues. The National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders (NIDCD, 2014) stated that scientist have not been able to agree upon what is causes the brain to create the sensation, but many scientist have concluded that tinnitus is similar to chronic pain syndrome, a condition where a person still experiences pain long
Get Access