Tissue Engineering Research

1371 WordsFeb 16, 20185 Pages
By living in a broken world, people become subjected to devastation and times of hopelessness. Some encounter this through job struggles or family disputes. Others encounter it while waiting at death’s door, waiting for an organ transplant. On January 8, 2014, 120,990 people were waiting for an organ transplant, wondering if they will be added to the 3,381 people who died last year waiting for a new kidney or wondering if they will become one of the 26,000 people in the United States who die each year from end-stage liver disease (Kaihara and Vacanti; National Kidney Foundation). Every 20 minutes, a person is added to the kidney waitlist and each day, 14 people die while waiting for a kidney transplant (National Kidney Foundation). These numbers cannot be ignored because blindness only results in loss of life. Currently, alternatives, such as mechanical devices and artificial prostheses, don’t repair tissue or organ functions because they are not intended for integrating host tissues, and if these alternatives are used for long-term implantation, the recipient could suffer from an inflammatory response (Chapekar). For illnesses such as end-stage liver disease, the only successful treatment is through transplant, and the odds of receiving a new liver is improbable (Kaihara and Vacanti). Another treatment must be discovered. In 1988, a NSF sponsored meeting defined a new treatment idea called tissue-engineering: the “application of the principles and methods of engineering
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