To Speak Of Justice Is To Speak Of A Concept That Is As

Decent Essays
To speak of justice is to speak of a concept that is as old as human history itself. The belief that humanity is a created being necessitates the acceptance of a moral Creator. That this Creator is moral in nature implies that all that is good and moral originates in this Creator. The affirmation that humanity’s creation is in the imago Dei correlates human beings and human existence to be a reflection of the Creator. To affirm human existence as an evolutionary by-product, on the other hand, nullifies the potential of justice, making it an amorally generated relativistic idea formulated, in and through, opinionated understandings of good, evil, right, and wrong within human relations and interaction.
The world of the ancient Near East
…show more content…
And they abhorred evil and falsehood, lawlessness and disorder, injustice and oppression, sinfulness and perversity, cruelty and pitilessness.” They perceived justice to be “the order of creation” as it related to “creation activities” of Utu. For Sumerians, and known as Šamaš throughout other sectors of the ancient Mesopotamian world, Utu – the sun god of justice and righteousness – “shines brightest when the orphan and the widow are protected and when relations between the powerful and humble remain fair.” An ancient Sumerian hymn reads, in part:
Utu, you are the god of justice,
Utu, (you are) the shepherd, the father of the “dark headed” people.
Utu, (you are) the principal judge of the land (of Sumer).
Utu, to give judgement is in your power (right).
Utu, to give decisions is in your power (right).
Utu, justice is in your power (right).
Utu, to lead in truthfulness and justice is in your power.
. . . . .
Utu, the destitute girl, the forsaken woman (?) are in your power (care).
Utu, to provide justice to the widow is in your power.
Utu, if you do not come out (var., without you), no judgement is given, no decision is made.

The unwavering devotion and loyalty of Urukagina, the first Sumerian social reformer in recorded history, to Ningirsu - the Sumerian protective god of the city-state of Lagash - for example, helped him “create and reform legal structures so that citizens can easily fulfill their
Get Access