To What Extent Have the Millennium Development Goals Been a Success?

1755 Words Oct 25th, 2013 8 Pages
To what extent have the Millennium Development Goals been a success?

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Introduction The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide a comprehensive framework through which the society can address pressing issues of poverty. The MDGs are made up of eight major objectives, which are all related to global development. In 2000, 189 world leaders signed a Millennium Declaration. The leaders set 2015 as the deadline for achieving the set MDGs. There has been a mixed result of the progress towards attaining these goals. One of the major achievements has been achieved is that there has been a major reduction of people living in extreme poverty.
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Latin America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa exhibit the greatest percentage of inequality.
Hunger
It is believed that the percentage of underweight children below the age of five years decreased by one-fifth across the world. This was largely attributed to nutritional advances in East Asia and China, which have already surpassed the target set by MDG. Latin America, Middle East and the Caribbean have also made some substantial progress towards attaining this goal. However, the goal of reducing the number of people suffering from hunger by half is unlikely to be attained globally unless there will be improvements in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
Achieve Universal Primary Education The major goal of MDG is to ensure that by 2015, both boys and girls are able to complete full primary courses across the globe. Notably, the net enrollment of children has significantly increased from 80% in 1990 to 88% in 2005. Most of this happened after 1999. Although the sub-Saharan Africa has the lowest percentage of enrollment, there has been significant progress since 1999. Children from rural areas and poor families have the largest percentage of children who are unlikely to join primary school. On the other hand, girls form the greatest percentage of children not likely to enroll in primary school is at 57% (United Nations, 2006, p. 3).
Promote Gender Equality and Empower…