To What Extent Was Josef Stalin’s Employment of Collectivisation a Successful Endeavour for the Soviet Economy?

2100 Words May 6th, 2015 9 Pages
Plan of the investigation: This investigation analyses the successes and failures of collectivisation in the Soviet Union, specifically looking at the impact it had on the peasants of Russia and whether it aided in satisfying the Soviet Union’s economic needs. In order to assess the extent to which collectivisation was a success, this investigation examines and evaluates the first few years of collectivisation, assessing collectivisation’s impact on the economy of the Soviet Union and the people, as a stronger economy would greatly improve the livelihood of the masses. Ultimately this investigation assesses the wisdom of Stalin’s decision to partake in collectivisation. This analysis does not assess Stalin’s abilities as a leader, the …show more content…
Thus, the famine is attributed to the poor distribution of grain. Grain was also exported to other countries during this time, making this a contributing factor to the famine.
• Soviet authorities had been well aware of the possibility of a famine, as some had made trips to the countryside and viewed the lack of seed in the kolkhozes and the decrease in livestock.
• Grain production began to recover and by the end of 1934, it was announced that 70% of peasant households were in collectives rising to 90% in 1936, however the figures never rose to what they were before the introduction of collectivisation.

Evaluation of sources: The April 9, 1932 letter written by Feigin to Ordzhonikidze (a friend of Stalin’s) is a primary source document containing a letter Feigin wrote on his recent trip to the countryside, and a doctor’s statement on the famine affecting peasant families. This letter was sourced from the library of congress archives where both the original letter and a translated version are available. In the letter Feigin discusses the conditions out in the kolkhozes, the diminishing numbers of the livestock and seed, furthermore Feigin tries to find some solutions to the situation, suggesting some achievable resolutions. As a primary document the value of this letter lies in its firsthand account of the events witnessed by the writer, and the facts gathered by the