To What Extent Was the Chinese Communist Party Able to Develop as a Significant Political Force in the Years 1927 to 1945

1305 Words Oct 27th, 2012 6 Pages
To what extent was the CCP able to develop as a significant political force in the years 1927 to 1945?
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was a revolutionary movement led by Professors Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, who emerged from the May Fourth Movement, challenging the traditional Confucian Chinese ideas and were influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx. When the CCP was first founded, in 1921, it contained only 50 members. However, throughout the years 1927 to 1945 it went through horrific defeats by the Nationalists and their leader Chaing Kaishek, but still survived, eventually triumphing by the late 1940’s. This essay will identify to what extent the CCP was able to develop as a significant political force in the years 1927 to 1945,
…show more content…
Within Shanghai, a powerful trade movement under Zhou Enlai had occurred, forming an extremely effective workers party. Days after entering the city, Chiang and industrialists turned against trade unions they were eager to destroy. His troops began mercilessly hunt Communists, an estimated 300-400 were killed or injured, and 5000 remained missing. The CCP, who had begun to gain a positive influence during the Northern Expedition lost a tremendous amount of influence as the terror began to spread to other cities such as Guangzhou. Mao recounted the incident, stating;
“The brutal punishments inflicted on the revolutionary peasants included such things as gouging out eyes and ripping out tongues ...or would simply hack them to pieces”
The White Terror had destroyed the CCP’s relationship with the GMD, and severely harmed its forces. However, it changed the course of direction for the CCP, which proved to be extremely significant in later years. Because of the White Terror, the Chinese Communist Party was forced to retreat to the Jinggang Mountains in 1928, where the first Chinese soviet, the Jiangxi Soviet was organised. This is where Mao Zedong began to advance his political reputation, and also where the CCP established its aims for the Chinese peasantry. An example of Mao’s authoritarianism can be found in the Futian Incident, in 1930, where Mao showed his true ruthlessness, ordering the execution of nearly 3000 men. Michael Lynch describes the incident as “Mao’s
Open Document