To What Extent Was the Federal Government Responsible for Improving the Status of Black People in the Usa in the Years on 1945-64?

1927 Words Apr 21st, 2013 8 Pages
History. Mr Lowish. Pursuing life and liberty: Equality in the U.S.A 1945-68. Keelin Scholes.

To what extent was the federal government responsible for improving the status of black people in the United States of America in the years of 1945-64?

The Civil Rights Movement as we know it started in 1945 due to the end of the second World War. After the racial atrocities carried out by the Nazis killing over 6 million Jews it showed how far racial abuse can be taken and convinced many people that racism should be opposed in all circumstances. There were clear signs of change for black Americans however progress was not equally shared across the united states. The Federal Government which is headed by the President, but also comprises
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But it was not until the march on Washington in August in 1963 that he threw his weight behind the Civil Rights bill.
Lyndon Johnson saw civil rights act as part of a range of measures collectively known as the ‘great society’ which were designed to make America a fairer place. Johnson passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Voting Rights Act of 1965 and Fair Housing Act of 1968. Johnson’s early measures on civil rights were highly effective, however the Vietnam War dominated Johnson’s attention and claimed a growing proportion of government resources. Additionally, Martin Luther Kings “King” public criticisms of the war drove a wedge between the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership conference) and the Johnson government. As a result Civil Rights were less of a priority in the second half of Johnson’s period in office.
Congress is the body empowered by the American Constitution to create nationwide laws, consequently Congress’s support was essential for progress in terms of Civil Rights legislation. Congress had different views on different situations in the Civil Rights movement, but in most cases Congress could not oppose to propsals of Civil Rights Acts due to public support.
The supreme court showed considerable leadership on Civil Rights issues. Supreme court decisions in cases such as Brown v. Board of education of Topeka 1954, Brown II 1955 and Browder v. Gayle 1956 picked apart the the legal basis of segregation. Civil rights
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