To What Extent Was the Middle East Conflict between 1948 and 1978 Fuelled by the Interests and Concerns of the Superpowers in the Region

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Discursive essay Topic: To what extent was the Middle East conflict between 1948 to 1978 fuelled by the interests and concerns of the superpowers in the region? From 1948 to 1978, in the Middle East, the two superpowers at the time the USA and the USSR were trying to exert their spheres of influence in the Middle East. Each superpower supported different sides to the conflict with the USA and the West supporting Israel and any other Arab country that saw the spread of communism as a threat and the USSR supporting the Arab states that wanted to destroy the Jewish state. The USA interests in the region were for the oil fields and the Suez Canal trading root while the USSR saw it as strategic value for the oil supplies to the west and the important trade roots. Both of the superpowers were supplying their allies in the region with financial and military aid. The four major wars that were fought during this time 1948 the war of liberation, the Suez crisis, the six day war and the Yom Kippur war had been influenced by the superpowers using the Middle Eastern countries as their pawns as one tried to undermined the others influence in the region. How each of the Superpowers used covert warfare in order to secure their interests in the Middle East. The war of liberation in 1948-1949 was caused by the two superpowers getting involved in the formation of the Jewish Israeli state. In 1947 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, suffering from economic downfall

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