To what extend personality predicts employee performance?

1696 Words Jun 25th, 2018 7 Pages
4).

Discussed below are different researchers’ arguments and explanations on how personality predicts employee performance. This essay will explore both negative and positive ways in which personality can predict the performance, as well as explaining what personality is. Past research has “demonstrated that personality constructs are associated with work performance, with some traits like conscientiousness predicting success around jobs. Other linked with specific occupations e.g. extraversion correlates with success in sales and management as well as training performance supporting”, (Barrick et al., 2002, 87: p.43).

Different people describe the word ‘personality’ differently. Martin et al. (2010,p.610) describes personality as a
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Out of the five, consciousness has the highest positive link with high levels of job knowledge and performance across a range of occupations. Bentall (cited in Mullins and Christy, 2013 p.139) “suspects that most people will have a pretty clear idea of where they would like to find themselves on the dimensions of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness”.

“The relationship between personality and work performance is questioned by Roberson, who suggests that the only two of five dimensions linked consistently with high levels of performance are conscientiousness and emotional stability” Supporting evidence appears in a study by Robertson (cited in Mullins and Christy, 2013, p.139). Luthans and Youssef support the big five by reporting that the personality traits are found to be related strongly to performance, individual –level outcomes (such as happiness and physical and psychological health spiritually and identity.), interpersonal-level outcomes (such as a quality of relationship with peers, family and romance), social-level outcomes (such as occupational choice, satisfaction etc.) (Cited in Mullins and Christy (2013, p.139).

Hans Eysenck believed personality is largely inherited and we are born with differing psychological tendencies. He classified “two major individual differences: (Extraversion & introversion) and (emotional instability & emotional stability). His aim was to produce unbiased
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