To what extent are the ‚Äòself‚Äô and ‚Äòidentity‚Äô separate from society?
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To what extent are the ‘self’ and ‘identity’ separate from society?
The concept of self and identity has become increasingly important in social science in recent years. There are many competing concepts about them. The term ‘identity’ can be basically understood as how we understand ourselves. It generally entails how to category people into groups by differentiate them according to their characteristics. This essay will focus on the correlations of self and identity, and society. It will stress on if self and identity are separate from society with scholars’ support, particular on Mead and Goffman.
George Herbert Mead is widely considered as the founding father of theoretical thinking concerned with the self and identity. There are two…show more content… me is the social side of self as known from external environment. I is to know through his own subjective consciousness of self. However, only after we have the objective, social and impersonal sense of self-the Me, we can then have the subjective, personal and intimate sense of self--the I (Ransome, 2010). Thus, the self is not totally made of social aspect which receives information about them from society. Individuals have their own consciousness arising from themselves, although it needs to fellow after the arising of I.
Another important sociologist need to mention here is Goffman. He addressed individuals’ daily life as the metaphor of the drama. For Goffman, social life is a series of dramatic performances. The actor who is performing, and the other co-performers who Goffman refers to as ‘members of the team’(Ransome, 2010). The audiences are who witness the performance. Goffman focused on how the self is shaped by the dramatic interactions between social actors and their audiences (Ritzer and Goodman, 2006). When an individual is interacting with others, there are according to Goffman two impressions: the one individual ‘gives’ and the one they ‘give off’ (Goffman, 1990). An impression is ‘given’ through speaking, and this is information that individuals want to give (Goffman, 1990). Another impression which is ‘given off’ is through non-verbal communication. For Goffman, it is used to make the participants accept a desired