Essay on To what extent can urban area be sustainable?

1266 Words Nov 7th, 2013 6 Pages
To what extent can urban areas be sustainable?

Urban sustainability is the idea that an urban area can be organised without excessive reliance on the surrounding countryside and be able to power itself with renewable sources of energy. The aim of this is to create the smallest possible environmental footprint and to produce the lowest quantity of pollution possible, to efficiently use land, compost used materials, recycle it or convert waste-to-energy, and to make the urban area overall contribution to climate change minimal. Therefore allowing the next generations and future generations to have the required resources without compromising them. However sustainably needs to focus also on other issues such as crime and economic factors.
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While items such as paper, glass, metal cans, plastic and clothes can all be recycled. However the start up costs of recycling. A good example of an Urban area which has a high rate of waste management is Curitiba which recycles 70% of its waste. In the late 1980’s it was the first city to offer a wide variety of recycling services. Curitiba recycles 2/3 of its household waste this figure is one of the highest in the world. The recycling plants are made up of recycled material and employ people who find it hard to get jobs for example immigrants and disabled people, this makes the employees feel valued and it helps to improve the lives.

Colour co-ordinating teams collect the waste that has been separated in inorganic and organic waste. It is then sorted and sent out to other recycling plants to process. Cans are recycled at the fraction of the cost of producing new ones.

Another example of an area with good sustainable waste management is in Nottingham where they have incorporated a waste management project which have worked very effectively in terms local sustainably like Curitiba. However some of the waste was used in an incinerator to supply electricity to parts of Nottingham. The initial electricity that was not used by Nottingham due to them part-schally generating there own electricity was resold to the
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