To what extent does environment play an important role in character’s behaviour towards others?

900 WordsApr 23, 20194 Pages
To what extent does environment play an important role in character’s behaviour towards others? Books: Great Expectations, Charles Dickens, 1861 Lord of the Flies, William Golding, 1954 Environment is a vital factor in determining the behaviour of characters; the books both agree and contradict with each other though. William Golding is of the view that humans share an innate evil: he strips boys of the order of society; he places them in a primitive environment; and in the subsequent story, their conduction descends from that of being civilised into that of evil chaos. He employs Simon, a boy of rare quality, to illustrate this by having him realise that the beast is not real, it exists only “inside us”. Charles Dickens writes about the…show more content…
However, as time goes on and civilisation seems further away, as hope- and want- of being rescued fades, their system degenerates. The ever-present violence succeeds peace: originally it starts of as being a game, Ralph “returned as a fighter-plane, with wings swept back, and machine-gunned Piggy”; when they eventually hunt their first pig, Jack boasts, "You should have seen the blood!"; the boys kill Simon in a frenzied ritual dance, even Jack and Piggy are not innocent as they too were present though they try to forget it; Piggy is killed; then Ralph is hunted like an animal, by the “savages” of Jack’s dictatorship, he only survives because he runs into the British Navy on the beach. In Great Expectations, Pip is an innocent boy to start off with. The reader sympathises him, from the outset he is identified as an “orphan” and Mrs. Joe, his sister- who many adults keep spitefully reminding Pip- “brought [him] up by hand”, abuses him. She is always shouting at him and punishes him with things such as the “Tickler.” Pip is also berated at the Christmas dinner: Mrs. Hubble ‘asked, "Why is it that the young are never grateful?" This moral mystery seemed too much for the company until Mr. Hubble tersely solved it by saying, "Naterally wicious."
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