To what extent was martin Luther responsible for the protestant reformation in Germany?

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To what extent was Martin Luther responsible for the 'revolutionary' Protestant reformation in Germany? In this essay, I will attempt to assess the extent of Martin Luther's role in the Protestant reformation that took place at the beginning of the sixteenth century in Germany. Luther's name is synonymous with the religious Reformation of the sixteenth century, or the 'evangelical movement' as it is sometimes called, but the actual details of the Reformation itself are somewhat lesser known. Luther's role in the Reformation is well publicised, but his contribution to other areas of religious life is often forgotten. Luther reinvented the German language, making his sermons and later, the bible, accessible to thousands of German citizens,…show more content…
People were angered by the flagrant abuses that persisted within the church. " Corruption was also evident when the Catholic Church and its clergy set themselves superhuman standards and failed to live up to them." Although there was much respect for the papacy itself, latent within Luther up to a certain point as well, the preoccupation with money and materialistic objects led to a disconcerting level of distrust among the general population. In particular, the scandalous selling of Indulgences, originally only given to those who, in the Pope's eyes, merited the prestigious awards, became commonplace at the end of the first decade in the sixteenth century. Indulgences supposedly guaranteed their purchasers a safe passage to heaven, and a shorter period of 'repose' in purgatory, that limbo place between heaven and hell. " As soon as coin in coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs." Luther's ninety-five theses gave a voice to the many people who held reservations about such practises. There was a feeling of indifference prevalent in pre-Reformation Germany, and it could be said that Luther capitalised on this. Peasants, shoemakers, blacksmiths, all awaited with baited breath for Luther to make his next move. However it had never been Luther's intention to lead a revolution, he wished simply that the papacy would recognise that faith played a determining role in achieving eternal

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