To what extent was the American Civil War a conflict about the rights and wrongs of slavery

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To what extent was the American Civil War a conflict about the rights and wrongs of slavery
The American Civil War was an intense, violent war fought within one of the most powerful countries in the world. The reasons for the outbreak of this war are varied. From the formation of America to 1860, the people in this country were divided. This division was a result of location and personal sentiments. Peace could not continue in a country filled with quarrels that affected the common American. There is a common misconception that the American Civil War was fought only over slavery, when in fact there were several other reasons for why the War Between the States was fought. One cannot deny that issues over the rights and wrongs of slavery
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Lincoln believed slavery was "wrong but necessary." During the Lincoln-Douglas debates he stated, "I am not, nor ever have been, in favour of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races. I am not, nor have ever been, in favour of making voters or jurors of Negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people; and I will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the white and black races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living together on terms of social and political equality. And inasmuch as they cannot so live," he added, "while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior and I as much as any other man is in favour of having the superior position assigned to the white race."

Before the War Between the States Lincoln left the option open for the South to return and just as he had stated in the elections he told the South he would not free any slaves. Lincoln later said that he would do whatever it takes to win the war. In a letter dated August 22, 1862, he wrote, "My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it." To him this included breaking the Constitution for wartime benefit which left many unhappy and felt that they could not trust Lincoln. Again,

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