Tobacco : The Outline Of The Global Public Health Issue

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Tobacco: The outline of the global public health issue

Cigarette smoking has been well documented to cause a wide range of health conditions such as heart diseases and respiratory problems and it is a major risk factor for getting various kind of cancers (Simpson & Nonnemaker, 2013). Besides illness and death, there are several research evidences presenting that cigarette smoking results in less productive life years and accountable for mounting unwanted medical costs. Globally, the preventable deaths caused by tobacco smoking accounts for over 6 million deaths yearly (Wilson et al., 2012). Currently, there are over 1 billion smokers in the world and over 80% of these smokers are living in low and middle income countries (Wilson et al., 2012). This figure is likely to increase to more than 8 million deaths a year by 2030. Sadly, this numbers only communicates that more than 80% of the deaths will be occurring in the developing world.

While some countries are facing challenges with the increase in smoking prevalence, many countries are realizing significant reduction in smoking and tobacco-related disease through adoption and implementation of comprehensive tobacco control programs. The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), a multilateral treaty to fight against the tobacco epidemic presents an outline for countries to reduce both the demand and supply of tobacco. Parties to the WHO FCTC undertake several
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