Today's value of the Classical management theory.

2431 Words Jun 30th, 2003 10 Pages
1. Introduction

It is fortunately for this generation manager because they have more than century's management theory and thought to retrospect. Although modern management theory dates primarily from the early twentieth century, there was serious thinking and theorizing about managing many years before. Throughout many different contributions of writers and practitioners have resulted different approaches to management, resulting in a kind of management theory jungle and help them to face the challenge of the future.

Despite the inexactness and relative crudity of management theory, the development of thought on management dates back to the days when people first attempted to accomplish goals by working together in groups. To know
…show more content…
3.2 Classical Perspective

'The oldest of the "formal" viewpoints of management emerged during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and come ton be know as the classical perspective.' (Pamela S. Lewis, Stephen H. Goodman, Patricia M. Fandt, 1998) The classical perspective had its roots in the management experiences. That was occurring in the rapidly expanding manufacturing organizations that typified U.S and European industrialization. Early contributions were made by management practitioners and theorist from several corners of the world.

The classical perspective consists of three main subfields:

(1) scientific management;

(2) administrative management; and

(3) bureaucracy management. (D.Wren, 1979).

As we will see, scientific management focus on the productivity of the individual worker, administrative management focuses on the functions of management, and bureaucratic management focuses on the overall organizational system. (Pamela S. Lewis, Stephen H. Goodman, Patricia M. Fandt, 1998)

4. Scientific Management

4.1 Scientific Defined

"What is Scientific Management?" by Frederick Taylor (1856-1917), the 'father' of scientific management. Scientific management focuses on the improvement of individual worker productivity. Time and motion studies observe and measure a worker's physical movements in order to determine the best way of performing a task. The expectation in scientific management is that managers will develop standard
Open Document