Toilet Training Article Summaries: Leading Theories and Professional Recommendations of Toilet Training Methods and Clinical Interventions

721 Words Jan 6th, 2018 3 Pages
A. M. (2011). Bowel habits and toilet training in rural and urban dwelling children in a developing country. The Journal of Pediatrics, 158(5), 784-788.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between bowel habits and toilet training of developmentally normal children in rural and urban areas in the province of Singh, Pakistan. This cross-section study involved a questionnaire completed by the parents of 1000 children between the ages of 5 and 8 years old. A constipation score for each child was developed using the modified Rome III criteria. The researchers found that functional constipation was more frequent in rural areas. Children in urban areas began and completed toilet training significantly earlier than children in rural areas.
Azrin, N. H. & Foxx, R. M. (1973). Dry pants: a rapid method of toilet training children. Behaviour Research and Theory, 11(4), 435-442.
The purpose of this study was to test an intensive learning procedure for shortening the length of time it takes a child to become toilet trained. The procedure involves 16 elements, including a distraction-free environment, increased fluids, immediate detection of accidents, and learning by imitation. 34 children who were struggling with toilet training took part in this study. All 34 children were successfully potty trained in four hours and remained nearly accident-free during the four months of follow-up.…