Tomato ( Solanum Lycopersicum )

1329 WordsApr 29, 20166 Pages
[1] Background According to Kimura and Sinha (2008), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is one of the most important vegetable plants around the world, as it 's produced in disparate areas like south western America and Africa. It is also considered the second most abundant horticultural product after the potato. Perveen et al. (2015), stated that, currently, there are thirteen recognized wild tomato species which allows a great diversity in the phenotypes. The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is an important source for disparate essential compounds such as folic acid, carotenoids, and potassium. Due to its widely use; not only as a food but also as a perfect material which can be used in research to treat serious and devastating diseases as certain types of cancers (melanoma "skin cancer" and breast cancer), cardiovascular diseases and photo-aging (Liu et el., 2012). The use of it in such important researches returns to its anti-oxidant activity which arises from the carotenoids pigments it contains like alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, and lycopene (Dorais et el., 2008). Tomato contains a lot of compounds which have a high benefits for health, and also for its wonderful flavor which is used in our daily food as a flavor during cooking. The question here is what is the compound which plays an important role in all this benefits of carotenoids? The answer is lycopene. 1- Lycopene and its occurrence: Al-Amri (2013) clarified that, lycopene is one of the most abundant natural pigments
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