Tool Use And Behavior Of Wild And Captive Capuchins

1671 WordsApr 1, 20167 Pages
Tool Use and Behavior of Wild and Captive Capuchins Introduction The capuchin monkeys are known as one of, if not the most intelligent monkeys of all New World species. They reside naturally in the forests of southern Mexico, the West Indies, and Central and South America, but can be found in zoos and captivity around the globe. Capuchins regularly eat fruits, insects, and nuts, and spend the majority of their day foraging for food. Capuchins travel and live in groups, residing in the treetops and canopy of the forest; however, the monkeys will travel along the forest floor as well. They have prehensile tails that are the same length as their body, have opposable thumbs, and primarily range from light to dark brown with white facial markings. Tool Use Among Wild Capuchins While reports of tool use in wild capuchins are moderately scarce, there is no doubt that tools play an important role in the capuchin lifestyle. The most common tool used amongst capuchins are stones, which predominantly aid in palm nut cracking and digging., Palm nuts and other enclosed foods have protective coatings surrounding the sustenance held inside. To break open and remove the outer shell, they place the palm nut onto a boulder or large flat stone, called anvils, and bang a smaller stone against the nut until cracking occurs. The stone has a hammer-like effect and is sufficient in cracking open palm nuts. Each of the capuchins crack palm nuts through various methods of efficiency, and is more
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