Torres Strait Islander People

Decent Essays
The term ‘Indigenous’ is generally used when referring to both First Nations’ people of Australia — Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. (Aboriginal Services Branch , 2009) the term 'Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people' is preferred in Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) publications—however, the term 'Indigenous' is used interchangeably with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the essay.
The evidence of existence of the civilization in Australian main land and nearby islands has been traced of some 44000 years ago. It is generally believed that the aboriginal people are the descendants of a single migration into the continent, a people that split from the first modern human population to leave Africa 64,000 to 75,000 years ago. Today’s indigenous Australian are mainly the migrants of Africa, southern Asian countries, genetically some indigenous Australian are closely related to central and south Asian population.
In 2014, number of Aboriginal and Torres Islander people in Australia was about 713,600 which accounts for 3% of the total population. This number was 63,700 in 2011 and it was found that majority of the indigenous Australians
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In the 2012-2013 Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey (AATSIHS) 13% indigenous people reported for CVD. 4% had some form of heart or vascular disease; 6% reported for high blood pressure issues. Indigenous women have more issues of CVD than indigenous men. In comparison non indigenous people living in remote areas, indigenous people living in non-remote areas reported having high blood pressure issues. Younger indigenous people are more likely to die due to some sort of coronary heart disease which is the leading cause of deaths due to CVD. (Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet,
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