Total Environmental Assessment for Pulp and Paper Industry in the Philippines

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Total Environmental Assessment for Pulp and Paper Industry in the Philippines Emil Adrian V. Fernandez M.S. Industrial Engineering Student Industrial Engineering Department, De La Salle University – Manila ABSTRACT Among current environmental issues, pollution is of major importance in terms of the impact on people’s health and their living and working conditions regardless of the origin or source of pollutants. The indiscriminate discharge of untreated wastewater, improper disposal of solid waste and air pollution pose great risks to public health and cause significant welfare losses. The Philippine Pulp and Paper Industry though played a major role in the economic recovery program is one of the major…show more content…
The most common sources of pulp include mixed tropical hardwood and various planted tree species such as falcate, eucalyptus, gmelina, acacia and pinus. The most common pulp produced is kraft pulp (DBP, 1999). In the Philippines, kraft pulp is exclusively produced by PICOP. Kraft pulp is either bleached or unbleached. Bleached kraft pulp (BKP) is mainly used in newsprint, printing writing, and tissue paper manufacture. While Unbleached kraft pulp (UKP) is used for linerboard, sack paper, wrapping papers and board (DBP, 1999). Secondary Fiber Secondary fiber is produced by repulping waste paper, It is the most dominant source of fiber in the country. Usually, secondary fiber is combined at a predetermined ratio with virgin pulp to regulate the quality of finished paper. The reason thy secondary fiber is still the most popular in usage is its lower price compared to virgin fiber. Processing of secondary fiber also generates less pollution compared to the other sources of pulp (DBP, 1999). Non-wood Pulp The only type of non-wood pulp now being produced in the Philippines is abaca pulp. There used to be two producers of pulp from bagasse, the Central Azucarera de Bais and United Pulp and Paper Corporation but have stopped production because of the negative environmental impacts
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