Total Physical Response in Second Language Learning

4112 WordsAug 19, 201117 Pages
Total Physical Response in a Beginning Language Class Contents: 1. Shortly About Teaching Methodologies ....................................................... 3 2. Introduction ………………………………………………………………... 3 3. Background of the TPR Approach ………………………………………… 3 4. Approach …………………………………………………………………... 5 4.1. Theory of Language …………………………………………… 5 4.2. Theory of Learning ……………………………………………. 6 5. Why TPR Works? Brain Lateralization …………………………………… 6 6. Goals of TPR Approach …………………………………………………… 7 7. Strengths of TPR Approach ……………………………………………….. 7 8. TPR Approach Vs. Comprehensive Approach ……………………………. 7 9. Principles ………………………………………………………………….. 8 10. Syllabus …………………………………………………………………… 9 11. Teacher and Learner Roles…show more content…
The basic idea is that infants’ exposure to language is virtually inseparable from physical activities. People talk to them while tickling them, feeding them, playing with them. The infants are immersed in a language they do not speak, in an environment that they explore with every part of their body. Their parents and people who take care of them walk and talk them through activities. So, they learn lots of vocabulary while someone stands behind them in the bathroom, soaping their hands, holding them under warm water, rubbing or scrubbing, all the while talking about what they are doing and what it feels like. In this way, movement and feeling are intimately tied to the process of internalizing the language. Therefore, Asher gives three critical elements in the way children learn their first language: 1. The process of learning begins with development of listening competence before they develop the ability to speak. At the early stages of first language learning they can understand complex utterances that they cannot spontaneously produce or imitate. 2. Children’s ability in listening comprehension is acquired because children are required to respond physically to spoken language in the form of parental
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