Totalitarian Mentality In 1984 By George Orwell

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Totalitarian Mentality “War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength” (Orwell). This may seem like a list of paradoxes, useless and arbitrary in the context of any government, but these three statements help establish the foundation of the world in the novel 1984 by George Orwell. The novel is set in an alternate version of the year 1984, imagined by George Orwell in the 1940s. The world had split into three superstates: Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia. The main character, Winston Smith, lives in Oceania where the entire superstate is run by an all powerful government, lead by the divine and immortal Big Brother. This is a government in which all love and individual thought is outlawed. This is reinforced by constant surveillance either by telescreen or the Thought Police. The existence of such a controlling and terrifying government is questioned by many readers of the novel today. People have contemplated both the motives and strategies of those in charge of totalitarian governments throughout all of history. These debates often lead to two main topics: why people crave control and why people do or do not crave liberty. George Orwell establishes his totalitarian government in his novel 1984 by replicating the psychological history of the greed for absolute power and the strength of mass suggestion and isolation. The main questions of “why” and “how” must both be understood in order to grasp the full concept of a totalitarian government as well as to establish
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