Totalitarianism in Italy Essay

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A totalitarian state is defined as “a few control everything,” and “the government controls every aspect of the citizens life.” This cannot be better exemplified than by Italy under the rule of the ruthless and violent dictator, Benito Mussolini. What a totalitarian state is, the characteristics it has, and how Italy turned into one are three points that will be studied in this essay. A brief look into Mussolini’s life and his rise to power will also be examined, as well as how his reign resulted for Italy and in turn, how it affected the whole world. An assessment of Italy as a totalitarian state will bring this essay to a close. A totalitarian state is a highly centralized government controlled by one political group, and usually one…show more content…
He turned Fascist militia into a private army, called the MVSN, and they dealt with his opponents. He also ordered police to arrest his opponents. Since Mussolini wanted support from the Pope, he increased pay for priests, ordered schools to teach religion, banned obscene books and made swearing in public a crime. He wanted to show efficiency, so he improved public services, especially transport. People admired him, saying he “made the trains run on time.”1 Mussolini held a general election after a year in office. He introduced the Acerbo Law, which stated that the party with the most votes got two-thirds of the seats in parliament, so that Fascists could be fairly sure of a majority. Fascists had elections rigged in many towns. They confiscated opponents’ voting cards, put the names of dead people on voting lists and pretended to be them and stole the ballot box if they thought the vote was against them. They ended up winning 65% of the vote.      Mussolini was just getting started. He once said “a good beating never did any harm.”2 He had Socialist politicians beaten up, tortured, terrorized and killed. Mussolini truly wanted to control every aspect of Italians’ lives. He introduced censorship laws to the press. They could only print news approved by the government, and anti-Fascist papers were shut down. He banned all political parties, other than the Fascist party, expelled opposition MPs from parliament, and
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