Tourism; a Blessing or Curse

1922 Words Apr 9th, 2014 8 Pages
Is tourism a blessing or a curse?

Tourism is defined by the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) as ‘a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes’ (UNWTO, 2014). It furthermore defines the people taking part in these actions as visitors either tourists or excursionists. Moreover, tourism exhibits the activities visitors experience (UNWTO, 2014). Increasing essentially in the second half of the nineteenth century (Cooper, 2012) tourism reached its peak of one billion visitors in 2012 (UNWTO, 2012). Regardless, the economic importance of tourism the need for a sustainable development and management
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Taking the industries direct and indirect impacts into account tourisms’ contribution to the world’s total GDP was even 6.6 trillion in 2012. Noteworthy is also the fact that tourism creates one in eleven jobs worldwide, direct and indirect (WTO, 2013). Nevertheless, it can be disagreed on whether payment, working conditions, positions and responsibilities are equally spread around the globe. The distribution of jobs within social classes is unequal. As outlined by Mensah and Amuquandoh (2010) tourism aids to the employment of low-skilled population, woman and immigrants. Thereby tourism is seen as a reducer of poverty (Mensah et al., 2010). Goals of sustainable tourism such as clean water, good infrastructure, health care and security have been identified as similar needs of the local population. By reaching these development goals not only tourism will be increased, thereby also the poor is helped (Mensah et al., 2010). Thus, tourism is able to increase regional development by generating revenues from simple productions like manufacturing or agriculture. These industries present direct earnings via goods expended by visitors (Mensah and Amuguandoh, 2010). Although, all the positive impacts of tourism on the economy of a destination, there are some negative aspects to that come along. The local community could be negatively affected through increased prices. Living costs such as costs for water, food,