Trade Union Movement in India

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5 Trade Union Development UNIT 4 TRADE UNION DEVELOPMENT and Functions AND FUNCTIONS Objectives After going through this unit, you should be able to understand: l the growth and development of trade unions in India, and l the functions and problems of trade unions. Structure 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Origin and Growth of Trade Unions 4.3 Development of Trade Unions in India 4.4 Indian Unions Today 4.5 The Trade Unions Act: Legal Framework for Trade Unions 4.6 Functions of Trade Unions 4.7 Strengthening of Trade Unions 4.8 Summary 4.9 Self-Assessment Questions 4.10 Further Readings Appendices 4.1 INTRODUCTION Trade Unions have become an integral and powerful factor in the contemporary system of production and distribution of goods and services.…show more content…
It is this realisation that sowed the seeds of collective bargaining which later resulted in trade unionism. The workers, working under a common employer, faced common problems and common tasks. They developed common sentiments, and organised themselves into associations which could meet the employers on a basis of equality. The inchoate labour organisations had to cross many hurdles before they could develop into fullfledged stable trade unions. There were internal dissentions, persistent and determined opposition from the employers, merciless persecution and suppression by the state (For example, in England, France, Germany and the United States, combinations of workmen per se were declared illegal), and the full-throated condemnation of trade unionism by the advocates of free competition and laissez-faire. In spite of these efforts at suppression, trade unions continued to grow, sometimes working underground and sometimes openly. They continued to defy the laws prohibiting the combination of workmen (Combination Acts of 1799 and 1800 in Great Britain, for example) and the judicial pronouncements (particularly, the judgement in the Philadelphia Cordwainers Case of 1806 in the United States) against the combinations of workmen. Under incessant pressures from the workers and their organisations, the law and the attitude of the courts gradually came to be modified. The history of the trade union movement everywhere is a history of blood,
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