Trade in the Iron Age Essay

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Distinguishing between the many diverse archaeological periods is typically done in two ways. The first way to differentiate between two periods is to notice if there is a clear boundary or separation among the archaeological remains. The second way is by looking at the periods from a historical standpoint, and noting any major historical event that led to a significant social and/or political change. Though there are other ways to do this, these are the two most common and useful methods. Both of these techniques make it possible to recognize the differences in archaeological time periods. In Palestine, the transition from the Late Bronze to the Iron I period is marked by a noticeable “widespread destruction of the Canaanite city-states…show more content…
The Iron Age was heavily influenced by the cultures of Egypt, which was seen through the pottery and building styles found during that time. Egyptian culture and Canaanite culture played a large role in the creation of pottery and architecture, as well as the formation of cities, during the Iron Age and beyond. The area now known as the Levant is a region consisting of Canaan, Transjordan, and Syria-Lebanon. International routes connecting Mesopotamia, Egypt, Asia Minor, and the Aegean ran straight through this area. As a result of the ideal geographic location, the Levant served as a crossroads for trade and exchange throughout a great deal of antiquity. This area was repeatedly under the control of hostile dictators, and it played host to foreign merchants as well as “giving birth to native traders who journeyed to far-flung destination and returned with exotic goods” (Cline 360). Although international exchanges of everyday and exotic materials had been going on for hundreds of years before the reign of King Solomon, the most well known period of trade and exchange is the period during the time of his reign. These international exchanges continued for more than a millennium after his reign as well (Cline 360). Really significant international relations between the Levant and the outside world began in the second millennium BCE. Some epigraphic and textual documentation exists that complements the material goods and evidence from this period.

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