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Traditional Biomedical Model

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The economic impact of LBP is greater than most other health conditions due to its effects on rates of absenteeism, reduced levels of productivity and increased risk of leaving the labor market (Maniadakis and Gray, 2000). Work loss and disability due to LBP affect approximately 16%, and 34% of the general population, respectively (Ekman, 2005). Moreover, 8% of the working population will be disabled in any given year (Manchikanti, 2000). The main causes of LBP are benign musculoskeletal problems, and are referred to as non-specific low back pain; this type may be due to muscle or soft tissues sprain or strain. Over 99% of back pain instances fall within this category (Henschke, 2009). A traditional biomedical model cannot explain chronic
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