Traditional Embroidery

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Revival of traditional embroidery in contemporary costumes | Submitted by: Mikky Sharma & Arunima Joshi | ms104154 & ms104151 fad 3rd sem |

Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as metal strips, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins.
A characteristic of embroidery is that the basic techniques or stitches of the earliest work—chain stitch, stitch, running, satin stitch, cross stitch—remain the fundamental techniques of hand embroidery today.
Machine embroidery, arising in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution, mimics hand embroidery, especially in the use of chain stitches, but the "satin
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They encouraged cults of lord Shiva and built temples all over the south; the prominent among these are the cave temples of Badami, temples of Madurai, Thanjore and Kanchipuram. The women who witnessed these building operations gave expression to their artistic urge through some colorful artwork such as Kasuti.
Hindu motifs are predominant in Kasuti, Muslim influence is completely absent. Factors influencing choice of motifs are religion, architecture and objects of daily use. They are taken from gopuram (temple tops) lotus flower, palanquin, cradles, birds and animals like- swans, peacocks, squirrels, elephants, Nandi or sacred bull. One rarely finds lions, tigers and horses, but dogs and cats are never seen.
The stitches used are:
Gavanti: a double running stitch, the name is derived from the word gaonti which means knot. The design appears identical on both sides. Patterns are mostly geometric, stitches are worked in vertical, horizontal or diagonal directions only.
Murgii: appears like steps of a ladder, the design appears same from both sides of the fabric, the distance between two stitches is the same and looks quite like the Gavanti.
Negi: this is an ordinary running or darning stitch, it has an all over effect of a woven design. The name comes from the word “ney” which means to weave in Kannada.
Menthi; this is the regular cross stitch. The name is derived from the word ‘fenugreek seeds’ in Kannada.
The threads used for embroidery were drawn from the fabric
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