Training and Development

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In this project I am going to look at importance of training and development in organizations. Firstly, different company attitudes to training and development and cost and benefits associated with it are going to be discussed.
Secondly, the stages in training and development process are going to be identified with a specific focus on different training and development methods and consideration of its advantages and disadvantages.
Finally, the literature on training and development use as a motivation and retention tool is going to be reviewed, moreover, training and development on international scale and its possible issues are going to be discussed. To sum up, a conclusion summarising all findings is going to be drawn.
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Training and development methods are as follow:
3.1. Demonstration Can be called as well “sitting next to Nellie” and it is a widely used technique as it is an inexpensive method of training. A trainee is showed how to do the job by supervisor or a colleague and then does it himself. As trainee actively participate in the training process, he may pick up the skills faster and the learning process is more effective. On the other hand, it may be time consuming and the person providing the training may not be qualified enough or do not give enough attention to the trainee at it keeps him/her from doing his own job. Additionally, the trainee may pick up their bad habits and feedback from the colleague may not be very constructive. From my experience, the demonstration is a good way of training as you can get a good feel for the job and in some cases it is the best way how to learn the job.
3.2. Coaching
The trainee is guided by supervisor. Meetings are held to provide the trainee with guidance, support and help. The trainee has some responsibilities assigned and supervisor just advises him how to deal with them. However, sometimes the supervisor may not have enough time for the trainee and that may put a lot of pressure on him. I believe this is an effective method of training, especially for an individual, who wants to develop as the trainees have problems to solve and they have a needed

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