Trait Theory Of The Great Man Theory

825 Words Mar 14th, 2016 4 Pages
Trait Theory
Bass (1990; Koh, 1990) posited the historical evolution of leadership as commencing with the trait theory in the 1930s until to 1940s , in which the assumption was that leaders were born with special qualities which made them effective leaders. As a result, distinction was employed on in discovering universal traits which stood out between leaders and non-leaders (Koh, 1990). Early studies investigated traits such as Intelligence, dominance, age, sex, height, and weight, but at last the trait theory was disputed when confirmation could not be established that specific traits were connected with effective leaders (Koh, 1990; Yukl, 2002).
Trait Theory expresses the concept of inherent leadership qualities rather than something one learns. A few studies show leaders are exceptional people who are born with qualities to lead (Clawson, 2006; Stogdill, 1948). Great Man Theory stipulates that leadership is inherent and there is no amount of training or coaching that can help an individual acquire leadership qualities; one must have it in oneself (Stogdill, 1948). Effective leadership has a great quest for responsibility and task completion. Often leaders do not get frustrated easily but are vigorous in pursuing organizational goals, take risks, do not shy away from solving problems, and are driven to take initiative in social situations (Clawson, 2006; Stogdill, 1948).
Furthermore, as argued by Kirkpatrick and Locke (1993) evidence shows that traits do matter in…
Open Document