Transactional Analysis : ' I 'm Ok, You 're Ok By Thomas Anthony Harris

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TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS Definition: At its simplest level, Transactional Analysis is the method for studying interactions between individuals. Transactional Analysis is a theory which outlines how we have developed and treat ourselves, how we relate and communicate with others, and offers suggestions and interventions which will enable us to change and grow. Your personal and social identity is influenced by the the three stages of a person; parent, adult (neutral) and child. Background: Transactional Analysis was founded by Eric Berne and made famous through the book “I’m OK, You’re OK” by Thomas Anthony Harris. As a practicing psychiatrist in Carmel, California in the early 1950s, Berne treated hundreds of patients. During the course…show more content…
He used the word “tapes” for messages and believed that the “tapes” recorded in early childhood were the most influential. Parental and social expectations are logged into the brain as the person perceives them. The messages are sometimes verbal, sometimes experiential and sometimes only assumed. Functionally, the Parent ego state is subdivided into the Critical Parent and the Nurturing Parent. Nurturing Parent represents more affirming and more pleasant qualities of what parents and society do for a person. Critical Parent behaviours generally represent the corrective behaviours of real parents and the prohibitive messages of society. These hidden and overt recorded playbacks are embodied by phrases and attitudes. Behaviours of the critical parent include: Physical - angry or impatient body-language and expressions, finger pointing, patronising gestures Verbal - always, never, for, for once and for all, judgmental words, critical words, patronising language, posturing language. Evidence The evidence suggests that once an individual have lived with this person for a while, especially when they hold more power, the individual automatically reproduces certain things that were said to them, or treat others as we might have been treated. This unconscious adoption of the ideas or attitudes of others is called introjecting. My own experience supports this, for example I often notice that I am saying things just as my father,

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