Transactional Anlysis Essay examples

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“Using an anonymous client or one you have worked with in the past, apply the methods you have discussed in this module to their case and discuss what you think could have been achieved.”


Transactional Analysis (also known as TA) is a means of examining people, their thought processes and relationships with others. It was developed during the 1960s by Dr Eric Berne.

TA is based on four concepts; • Ego states • Scripts • Transactions • Games

People have continuous internal conversations with themselves as well as external conversations with others. It is thought that people have three
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For example, prejudice would be the parent contaminating the adult and phobias would be the child contaminating the adult.

3) Symbiotic ego states: Relational dependency, where all three ego states are created together rather than individually. Commonly one person takes on the adult and parent states whereas the other person takes on the child state.


A life script is a psychological method of giving meaning to life. It informs a person what they themselves, others and the world are. It is “an unconscious life plan - like a story - that we make up as children about ourselves and our lives, which we tend to keep to and follow even when we are adults.” (4)

The script is formed by the child taking decisions based on survival, the emotions of the child and the reality they experience. Some people are more influenced by scripts that others, they can have a profound affect on a person’s life as they can form our “attitudes, beliefs and the way in which we communicate.” (3)

Scripts can be one of three:

• Healthy (winning) - Based on achieving goals set as a child, providing comfort and reassurance.

• Harmartic (Greek for basic flaw) aka losing – When a goal/ is not achieved and reassurance is not gained

• Banal – No risks are taken so no positives or negatives are ever really achieved.

The life script is a
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