Transcendentalism : Transcendentalism, Transcendentalism And Rejection Of Traditional Religion

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1. Transcendentalism • Transcendentalism was a reform movement that was pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 1830’s and 1840’s. Most of the emphasis with it was placed on individualism and rejection of traditional religion, which they believed there was no need for. The basic belief was that everyone can communicate with God and nature in their own way and that each soul is a single part of a Great Spirit. • Transcendentalism was important for what it demonstrated about the mindset of 19th century America. It showed that, after the Second Great Awakening, people were beginning to once again question traditional beliefs. This was an example of how people were beginning to turn from old traditional values, like the emphasis placed on organized religion, and were becoming more self-centric. 2. Interchangeable parts • The concept for interchangeable parts was created by Eli Whitney. Because devices were previously made as one piece, many devices, if damaged, could not be fixed and rather had to be completely replaced. With interchangeable parts, instead of having to replace an entire machine or device, the broken part could simply be taken out and replaced, which was much more cost effective. • The impact that interchangeable parts had on the industrial side of America, as well as the farming side, was really quite tremendous. Maintaining machines and such was much more cost effective because, instead of replacing the whole machine if one part broke, that specific part

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