Transcultural Nursing Assessment

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Running head: Transcultural Nursing Assessment

Transcultural Nursing Assessment
Deborah Hill
St. Francis University

Giger and Davidhizar’s Transcultural Assessment Model is a valuable and functional assessment tool that evaluates the different cultural variables and how those variables effect health, illness and behaviors (Giger, 2013). This philosophy considers the uniqueness of each individual, understanding that the individual is unique, a product of their culture, religion, environment socioeconomic status and diversity. Giger and Dividhizar propose that, as health care providers, we need an acute awareness of the ethnicity and culture of each individual, having the knowledge and understanding to care for them as
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Although ethnicity does relate to race, it is classified in a way that associates similar customs and traits of people. Broadly speaking, it’s a commonality of social and cultural heritage passed from generation to generation. Ethnicity gives the individual a sense of identity. Race, in contrast, is related to biological similarities; the specific and distinguishing bone structure, blood type and physical features that a particular race commonly shares. There may be underlying similarities due to the cultural and biological comparables supporting and highlighting the connection (Dowd, S., Giger, J., & Davidhizar, R., 1998). Giger & Davidhizar’s model addresses six observable but variable factors that have an effect on health care regardless of culture of the individual. These factors or phenomena as they are called; identify the existence of diversity between and within cultural groups (Tortumluoglu, 2006). This model proposes that every individual is culturally unique. The six phenomena are communication; space; social organization; time; environmental control; and biological variations.
Culturally Unique
I chose Ms. B, an 82 year old African American woman for my assessment. Webster’s dictionary defines culture as “the beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place or time;” and unique as “very special or unusual, belonging to or connected with only one particular thing, place, or person” (Webster). In my perception, we
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