Transdiagnostic Cbt

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Disorder Specific Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Interventions – WHM-M-030 Introduction The purpose of the paper is to discuss the current theory and empirical literature for using a transdiagnostic approach in cognitive behaviour therapy and it’s relevance in current practice. I will discuss the theory and evidence for using a transdiagnostic approach and highlight the main processes. A discussion on the strengths and limitations of the approach will conclude the first part of the paper. The second part will be a review of personal clinical work discussing the transdiagnostic process and its hypothesised effectiveness. To conclude the author will provide a personal reflection. There has been a long widely accepted claim for the…show more content…
Common psychological processes were initially developed by the behaviour therapy movement, with classical and operant conditioning (Pavlov 1928, Mowrer, 1939, Skinner 1957 & Wolpe 1969). The expansion and dissection of Becks cognitive theory is also seen in that of anxiety disorders. Wells and Matthews (1994) critically reviewed studies of information processing in anxiety and depression and their findings were that other than cognitive bias (consistent with Becks theory of anxiety) overlapping and common features were identified. Attentional biases, such as the role of self-focus; traditionally conceptualised in the maintenance of social phobia, was also found in panic disorder, specific phobia and hypochrondriasis. The same was identified for selective attention for threat related material, dysfunctional appraisals and avoidance and safety behaviours. Wells concluded the differences between models occur in the content of appraisals and beliefs such as selective attention in anxiety is concerned with danger; for example a person with phobia- blood injury type selectively attends to information concerning their fear, whereas a person with PTSD may attend to combat related cues. This review highlights common processes in multi level accounts. A larger review was conducted in the work of Fairburn et al (2003) for eating disorders and suggested that eating disorders share distinctive and common maintenance processes, and that patients move between these diagnoses
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