Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles

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Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles
Transformational leadership theory is intended to create positive change in the followers whereby they take care of each other's interests and act in the interests of the group as a whole. Essentially the leader's task is consciousness-raising on a wide plane. The leader's fundamental act is to induce people to be aware or conscious of what they feel and to feel their true needs so strongly, to define their values so meaningfully, that they can be moved to purposeful action.
The basis for transformational leadership is the belief that people will follow a person who inspires them. The theory postulates individuals with vision and passion can achieve great things and the way to get things done is by injecting enthusiasm and energy. The theory also asserts awareness of task importance motivates people. Other assumptions include the belief that a focus on the team or organization produces better work, association with a higher moral position is motivating and will result in people following a leader who promotes this, and working collaboratively is better than working individually.

In this leadership style, the leader is charged developing motivation, moral and performance of his follower group. Transformational leadership is about values and meaning, and creating a purpose that transcends short-term goals and focuses on higher order needs
Abraham Maslow developed a hierarchy of needs that all humans must have met in
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