Transformative Leadership : The Four Components Of Transformational Leadership

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Transformational leadership is defined as “an ethically based leadership model that integrates a commitment to values and outcomes by optimizing the long-term interests of stakeholders and society and honoring the moral duties owed by organizations to their stakeholders,” (Caldwell et al., 2012, p. 175). Transformative leaders thrive in environments where change is necessary because they are highly skilled in establishing a clear vision, creating a culture of innovation, and upholding high standards. Transformative leaders are excellent motivators because they can inspire change through inspiration, collaboration, and pushing followers to grow.
Transformational leaders encompass four major components: Idealized Influence, Inspirational Motivation, Intellectual Stimulation, and Individualized Consideration (Bass & Riggio, 2006). Idealized Influence refers to the authentic example transformational leaders exhibit, such as acting with integrity, having high moral standards, and committing to the mission of the organization. Transformational leaders must behave in ways that motivate followers through Inspirational Motivation or “providing meaning and challenge to their follower’s work,” (Bass & Riggio, 2006, p. 78). The element of Intellectual Stimulation is necessary to stimulate a culture of innovation, where followers are encouraged to demonstrate creative problem-solving and develop a growth-mindset. Transformational leaders adopt Individualized Consideration as a strategy
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