Transient Marine Fungi

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The label of “marine fungi” includes all fungi distributed throughout the sea, however, marine-derived fungi are distinct from transient, terrestrial and freshwater fungi in both ecology and physiology. The resident marine fungi, or obligate marine fungi, grow and sporulate exclusively in the oceans or estuaries and spend their life cycle either sporadically or wholly submerged in water. In contrast, transient marine fungi, or facultative marine fungi originate from terrestrial and freshwater environments, adapting an ability to grow in seawater. Therefore, obligate fungi represent the true marine
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