Transitional Justice

Decent Essays
Throughout the past 50 years there has been an in increase in the attention given to transitional justice in the after math of violent conflicts. Transitional justice in the form of criminal trials, reparations, vetting procedures, and truth commissions attempts to address human rights violations and hold those responsible for crimes accountable for their actions. These mechanisms are expected to facilitate a strengthening of law through institutions and cultural development. Transitional justice developed not only as a result of state or government action, but also gradually through the growing relevance of civil society organizations. Civil society is defined as encompassing, amongst other things, trade unions, voluntary initiative, religious communities, cooperatives, political parties, and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's). NGOs usually includes non-profit associations, foundations and other organizations. The term NGO, particularly in international law, has lacked a clear definition for years due to lack of consensus but in order to avoid confusion this paper will use Kirsten Martens definition of NGO's being "formal (professionalized) independent societal organizations whose…show more content…
The first focus will be on the appearance of NGO's and their efforts both during and after conflicts. This will be followed by the difficulties that such organizations encounter in their efforts to pursue transitional justice. Lastly, the contributions of NGO's and civil society organizations to post-conflict societies still dealing with human rights violations will be analyzed. A better understanding of how these organizations can influence struggling transitional societies and the importance of their ability to bring pressure to state governments to bring about effective change is an important step towards improving post conflict
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