Essay Transmission, Treatment and Prevention of Salmonella

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Transmission, Treatment and Prevention of Salmonella Abstract Salmonella is a gram-negative rod, which is known to infect humans, birds, and other mammals by invading and irritating the intestines. It is more common in poultry and swine which, if consumed, can cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach cramps. The infectious disease can be found almost everywhere and anywhere, including in water, animal feces, raw poultry, and raw seafood. Animals consume salmonella from the soil or contaminated processed feed. In humans, salmonella can lead to a developing typhoid-like fever that persists among other symptoms. However, there is no vaccine available for Salmonella but no treatment is needed because the infection is usually simply…show more content…
(Rieman, Hans, and Frank L Bryan) The transmission of Salmonella is primarily oral. “Food is the vehicle of spread.” (Rieman, Hans, and Frank L Bryan) Animals can consume salmonella from the soil or contaminated processed feed. Domestic animals, such as chickens, cattle, pigs, dogs, cats, and especially reptiles, are great carriers for salmonella. On the other hand, humans usually get a Salmonella infection though the ingestion of food contaminated with animal feces or infected animal products. Salmonella bacteria are mostly found in food products such as eggs, meat products, poultry, unpasteurized dairy products, and cheese. (Salmonella Infection) The bacteria can also be found in water and can be spread if consumed. Salmonella present on raw meat and poultry could survive if the product is not cooked to the safe minimum internal temperature, as measured with a food thermometer (Salmonella Infection). Salmonella could also become present on otherwise ready-to-eat foods such as salad through food to food contact or cross-contamination (when contaminated food comes into contact with clean food therefore passing the bacteria and thus infecting said food). Another, rarer form of salmonella, typhoidal salmonella, is carried only by humans and is usually transmitted through direct contact with the fecal matter of an infected person. This kind of salmonella infection can lead to
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