Transmission and Symptoms of Influenza

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Infectious Disease: Influenza The Transmission and Symptoms of the Flu, Current Treatments, and Mitigations Influenza (Flu) viruses are usually spread by droplets through the air when people sneeze, cough, or talk. Though not as common, the virus may also be spread when a person touches a surface or object the virus is on and then touches the mouth or nose. Symptoms include fever, aches, chills, tiredness, sudden onset, coughing, sneezing and sore throat. The CDC reports that most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming ill. Children may pass the virus for longer than 7 days. Symptoms start 1 to 4 days after the virus enters the body. It is possible to pass on the flu to someone else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick. Treatment options for the flu include prescription antiviral drugs and over the counter medications such as pain relievers and decongestants to relive symptoms. Flu shots as well as knowledge of how the flu virus is spread and preventative measures are important ways to mitigate the severity of an outbreak. Side Effects of Treatments, Who should be Vaccinated, Who should not be Vaccinated and the Effectiveness of Vaccinations Vaccines can be delivered through injection, with killed virus, or in the form of a nasal spray. Stoppler (2011, p. 2) reports for the 2011-2012 flu season there is a vaccine that can be injected intradermally rather
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