Transnational Crime Essay

3499 Words 14 Pages
While the policy regulations of states strive to maintain their sovereignty, states have long recognised their interdependence in policing transnational illegal activity (Gerspacher 2009). Transnational crime has long posed a significant obstacle to policing efforts. The extensive effects of globalisation, world political and economic shifts, technological advances, security challenges and the implications of climate change, have all served to influence the crime environment and make the job of policing the community more challenging than ever before (Keelty 2007). According to Hills (2009) there is a widely shared conviction that international police forces must co-operate if they are to respond effectively to the crime and insecurity …show more content…
According to Bowling (2005) there is no part of policing that does not have an international dimension. In order to combat transnational crime various forms of bilateral, multilateral and international co-operation are encouraged by intergovernmental organisations such as the EU and Interpol (Hills 2009).
In November 2000, the General Assembly of the United Nations, adopted the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNODC 2010). Since its enforcement in September 2003 it has been the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime. The Convention represents a major revolution in the fight against transnational organized crime and signifies the recognition by Member States of the ‘seriousness of the problems posed by it, as well as the need to foster and enhance close international cooperation in order to tackle those problems’ (UNODC 2010, p. 1).
In Australia the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987 (ComLaw 2010) controls international policing, outlining the conditions of obtaining and bequeathing international assistance in criminal matters. The Act describes the procedures by which any such activities may take place, and the terms by which assistance maybe refused (Sycamnias 1999). Grounds for refusal are outlined under section…