Transportation in Food Industry

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1.0 Introduction Transportation is the movement of people and goods from one location to another. Throughout history, the economic wealth and military power of a people or a nation have been closely tied to efficient methods of transportation. Transportation provides access to natural resources and promotes trade, allowing a nation to accumulate wealth and power. Transportation also allows the movement of equipment and food supplies so that a nation can have access to food all year round. Transportation is vital to a nation’s economy. 1.1 Food Transportation No matter whether they are genetically modified, certified organic or grown using conventional farming methods, no matter if partially processed for use as food ingredients or…show more content…
2.0 Modes of transportation in food industries Mode of transport or means of transport or transport mode or transport modality or form of transport is a term used to distinguish substantially different ways to perform transport. The most dominant modes of transport are aviation, land transport, which includes rail, road and off-road transport, and ship transport. Other modes also exist, including pipelines, cable transport, and space transport. Each mode of transport has a fundamentally different technological solution, and some require a separate environment. Each mode has its own infrastructure, vehicles, and operations, and often has unique regulations. Transport using more than one mode is described as intermodal. 2.1 Air transport/aviation The Wright brothers made the first sustained, controlled and powered heavier-than-air flight on December 17, 1903, in their revolutionary aircraft, the Wright Flyer. Air transport is the second fastest method of transport, after spacecraft which is not often used in commercial food transportation. Aviation is able to quickly transport people and limited amounts of cargo over longer distances, but incur high costs and energy use; for short distances or in inaccessible places, helicopters can be used. Air travel has revolutionized global transportation by dramatically reducing the time needed to travel great distances. Journeys across
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